5 Foot Strengthening Exercises for Pain Relief, Strength, and Flexibility

Published: September 28, 2018
Updated: August 18, 2021

Runner tying shoes with green smoothie

Are you showing your feet enough love? If you’re not, you could be increasing your risk of a fall…

After all, you use your feet every single day. They’re one of the primary components of staying upright! But just like the rest of your body, your feet change with age (and neglect).

Common structural changes include:

  • Faltered arches – Where your feet become flatter.
  • Claw toes – Where your toes dig down into your shoes. Claw toes can be caused by wearing shoes that are too tight, or by weak foot muscles.
  • Bunions – Where your big toe pushes against your next toe and forces the joint outward on the side of your foot.

All these changes throw the natural motion of walking out of whack and cause pressure spots of pain. In fact, studies show 30% of older folks experience pain from one of these common foot problems. And here’s the kicker… people experiencing foot pain are more likely to suffer a fall than those who aren’t!

So what can you do to look after your feet? Well, a study published in the British Journal of Medicine showed the combination of proper footwear, education on fall prevention (more on those two in just a moment), and foot exercises reduced the number of falls in 305 older people by 36%.

That’s why I’ve put together a list of the top foot and toe exercises – with videos – to help you out!


Towel Curl

Why the towel curl?

This exercise strengthens the intrinsic muscles in your feet. That means the muscles in your feet solely responsible for moving them! The towel curl helps to strengthen the arches in your feet too. And healthy foot arches allow you to stay upright without placing your entire body weight on the soles of your feet.

Here’s how to do the exercise:

  1. Place a towel a foot or so in front of a chair (a long towel like a bath towel works best.)
  2. Sit in the chair with your feet flat on the towel.
  3. With your right foot forward and knee bent at 90 degrees, curl your toes and try to grab the towel with them and scrunch it toward you.
  4. Try repeating this motion 10 times with each foot. Or once you’ve mastered the technique, try both feet at once!

Step it up a notch: Use a longer towel and place a light free weight on the end to increase the resistance.


Toe Splay

Take one of your hands and try to spread your fingers as wide as possible. Now, take one of your feet and try to do the same thing with your toes. How wide can you go?

If there’s barely any space between your toes it could be a sign of a tight, compressed foot. And that means you’re not fully engaging the muscles in your feet. (But don’t worry, the next exercise below will help with that.)

Why the toe splay?

The toe splay may look silly, but it can help improve the function of your feet. By spreading these often neglected toe muscles, you’ll be improving their strength and balance. And that will increase your stability!

The goal of the toe splay is to expand the gaps between your toes when you spread them. You can use things like toe separators (think of those pedicure-looking ones at your spa), and toe socks. But this exercise is a super easy way to strengthen your toe muscles anywhere!

Here’s how to do the exercise:

  1. Sit in a chair with your feet flat on the ground.
  2. Keep your foot stationary and lift your toes off the floor.
  3. Spread them as far apart as you can!
  4. Hold for 2-3 seconds.
  5. Gently lower your foot to the floor.
  6. Repeat 10 times with each foot. (You can exercise both feet at once quite easily with this exercise too).

Bonus: This foot exercise also has the potential to combat the negative effects of ill-fitting footwear that lead to bunions.

Step it up a notch: Loop a small resistance band around your toes to make it a little more difficult to spread them.


Toe extension

Why the toe extension?

The toe extension is more of a stretch than an exercise. But it’s particularly great for people suffering from plantar fasciitis– that’s the most common cause of heel pain. In fact, plantar fasciitis affects nearly 2.5 million Americans each year!

See, the flat band of tissue that connects your heel bone with your toes is called the plantar fascia. Its job is to support the arch of your foot, but if you strain this tissue, it becomes weak or swollen, and your heel or the bottom of your foot begins to hurt when you walk.

Here’s how to do the exercise:

  1. Sit in a chair with one leg crossed over the other.
  2. Use your hand to pull your toes back toward your shin bone.
  3. Hold the stretch for 8-10 seconds.
  4. Repeat 10 times with each foot.

Step it up a notch: Try to complete this stretch three times a day. This particular stretch was developed by Benedict DiGiovanni, M.D., associate professor of orthopedic surgery at the University of Rochester. And he demonstrated its effectiveness in a two-year follow-up study on 82 patients with plantar fasciitis.

After completing this stretch three times each day, 90% of patients reported they were “totally satisfied” or “satisfied” and noted decreases in activity limitations and pain. (That included before their first step in the morning and before prolonged periods of sitting where possible.)


Big toe stretch

It’s big by name, and it’s of big importance when it comes to your stability too! Your big toe (or hallux to give it its fancy name) plays a major role in arching your foot properly. And it’s key for propelling you forward when you take a stride and absorbing the shock when your foot lands back down. In fact, your toes bear 40% of your body weight when you walk, and your big toe takes most of the pressure!

So, if you don’t have proper mobility in your big toe, your entire walking gait (including your balance and stability) will be affected.

Why the big toe stretch?

The big toe stretch is an example of manual manipulation. That’s an exercise where you physically move or stretch a body part with your hands. It will gradually increase the mobility of your big toe and help with the proper alignment of your toes too.

Here’s how to do the exercise:

  1. Sit in a chair.
  2. Cross one ankle over the opposite knee.
  3. Put your fingers on the back of your big toe, and press your thumb gently on the joint or “knuckle” on the front of your big toe.
  4. Slowly stretch and pull the toe backward toward your shin. Go as far as is comfortable.
  5. Hold the stretch for 10 seconds. Release and then repeat 10 times.
  6. Repeat steps 1-5 with your opposite big toe.

Step it up a notch: If you have bunions, you can add a little variation to the big toe stretch to help realign your toes and ease the joint back into place. Complete steps 1-3 the same as above, and then gently push your big toe to where it should be aligned. Hold it for a few seconds and repeat 4-5 times. When you’re done, go ahead and do the big toe stretch outlined above too!


Calf stretch

You might be wondering why there’s a calf-based exercise on a list of foot strengthening exercises. But there’s a good reason! See, your calf muscles comprise of the soleus and gastrocnemius muscles. Your gastrocnemius runs down the back of your lower leg from behind your knee and joins your soleus to form the achilles tendon, which attaches to the back of your heel bone.

Why the calf stretch?

These muscles are vital in the motion of walking. They help to propel you forward with every step! What’s more, they help keep you flexible and spritely on your feet, so it pays to give them a little attention.

Here’s how to do the exercise:

  1. Stand in a lunge position– place your hands on your hips and stretch one leg out in front of you, with the foot flat on the ground and your knee bent at about 90 degrees. Your other leg should be back behind you with the toes touching the floor and the heel pointing upwards.
  2. Lean into the front foot until you feel a stretch in the calf in your back leg.
  3. Hold for 30 seconds. Repeat 3-5 times.
  4. Repeat steps 1-3 with your legs switched.

Note: If you’re a little uneasy on your feet in a lunge position, try doing this exercise against a wall. The steps are the same as above, but instead of putting your hands on your hips, place them against a wall with your palms flat against it.

Step it up a notch: If you have access to a calf stretching box or step, try doing this exercise on it. A randomized, single-blind controlled trial showed that completing the calf stretch on a  stretching box can decrease muscle tightness more than the conventional method outlined above.


Support Your Feet, and They’ll Support You

One-third of folks aged 65 or over take a tumble every year. Thankfully, most of those tumbles lead to nothing more than a scuffed arm and bruised ego. But one in five falls causes a serious injury like a broken bone or a head injury!

Your feet are foundational to keeping you upright, so it pays to give them some love. Here are a few tips that can help keep your feet happy:

  • Wear shoes that fit: It sounds obvious, but when was the last time you had your feet measured? We get our feet measured when we’re adolescents and take it for granted that our feet will never change! But age, injury, and medical conditions can all alter the size of your feet. So why not pop down to your local shoe store and make sure you’re wearing the right size?
  • Try orthotics: These are medical devices you slip inside your shoes to support your heels and foot arches (they look like the insoles in your shoes). You can have orthotics custom made to fit the contour of your feet but they’re very expensive. Try prefabricated orthotics first to see how you get on.
  • Exercise your feet: They’re often overlooked when it comes to exercise. But spend a little time each week trying the exercises I’ve outlined above, and your feet will become stronger, more flexible, and more stable. And that’s invaluable for keeping you upright!

I hope you find these exercises useful. As always, please discuss any new exercises with your healthcare provider before adding them to your regimen. And if you have any other foot strengthening exercises or tips you’d like to share, please let me know in the comments section below.

Article Comments

Add New Comment

Your email address will not be published.

  1. Riki Shackelford

    September 29, 2018 , 10:50 am

    This was very helpful. Thank you

  2. Virginia Taylor

    September 29, 2018 , 12:30 pm

    The exercises caused cramps in my feet & legs.

  3. Monica AlgaeCal

    October 1, 2018 , 5:15 am

    Hi Virginia,

    Sorry to hear that! If these exercises (and the muscles that they target) are new to you, I recommend decreasing the repetitions and then work your way up to the suggested amount in the post so you don’t experience cramping.

  4. Marcia Freed

    September 29, 2018 , 2:01 pm

    I’m having trouble getting plantar fasciitis every time I exercise so I’m going to try these exercises to see if they will help! Thanks for sharing!

  5. Lynne Edsall

    September 30, 2018 , 1:38 pm

    awesome!

  6. Beverly Northeast

    September 30, 2018 , 3:23 pm

    In Ballet we use to stand up as high as we possibly could on our toes and try not to hold anything for balance just our toes.
    This improved our arch and made it stronger and also anyone that had flat feet this strengthened their arch.

  7. Monica AlgaeCal

    October 1, 2018 , 5:13 am

    Hi Beverly,

    Great points! That is definitely helpful to strengthen and improve your arches. Thanks for sharing 🙂

  8. Karen H.

    October 1, 2018 , 3:59 am

    Great information.
    These will help anyone. Try them!!

  9. Lorraine Cohn

    November 1, 2018 , 7:52 pm

    I am so glad that I have figured out those exercises already, as well as a few more to keep my feet able to wear high heels needed for ballroom dancing. I need to strengthen and stretch my feet 3 times a week to keep them from hurting when I dance. I do folk dancing from many countries, as well as ballroom dancing.

  10. Nancy

    January 10, 2019 , 3:28 pm

    Recently broke my ankle, I have been doing some of these because I am in a immobilizing boot, with no weight bearing for 6-8 weeks. I am hoping they will help when I am finally released from the boot!

  11. Avril Garside

    January 11, 2019 , 3:26 am

    I am 64 years old take algae cal and strontium for bone density
    I have been experiencing cramps in my toes for some time
    Have you any ideas why this might be andwouldthese exercises help.
    I am not over weight have good diet and exercise regularly and no other health problems.
    Best regards
    My partner and I are very interested
    I reading all the helpful news and advice from your team

  12. Jenna AlgaeCal

    January 15, 2019 , 9:32 am

    Hi Avril,

    We’re so sorry to hear about the toe cramps you’ve been experiencing. Yes, the exercises in this post can definitely help because they all involve some form of stretching!

    There are a number of reasons you could be experiencing these cramps, such as a potential mineral deficiency. For example, magnesium and potassium deficiencies have both been linked to cramping. It may take a little bit of experimenting to determine what the right solution is for you and it may be best to speak with your physician or functional medicine practitioner about other possible causes!

    It’s great to hear you’re in good health otherwise and we hope you find relief soon from your cramps. Please feel free to email [email protected] or call us at 1-800-820-0184 with any questions 🙂

    – Jenna @ AlgaeCal

  13. Deborah Burlingame

    March 15, 2019 , 5:58 pm

    My therapist wants me to inversion my rt foot 10 times a day Two sessions per day ,1-2 sessions aeveryday.My therapist Katie is helping me exversion my rt foot in an out 10times a day .Well, I succeed both exercises an now she wants me to use a loop band the same way.But,when I tried the walk board an raised my foot by my heels I felt tremendous pain in my rt side of my foot.Do you feel it was too soon to use the walking board with bars across. I ve been doing the exercises morning an night since I started therapy a week ago last Wednesday .I am hoping to walk normally fast like I used to do last year an all my life when I was doing gymnastics .

  14. Lori Jochum

    January 14, 2020 , 2:46 pm

    An exercise I find helpful for ankle strength is to jump about one inch up and land toe heel with knees bent and to do this 10 to 20 times

    At a bar is best to hold on to assist if needed for balance and keeping body straight
    Ensure bending knees when landing down with immediate jump back up so as not to linger with knees bent

  15. Eleanor Bolafka

    August 2, 2020 , 7:21 am

    Thank you for easy to use instructions. At 85 and a cancer survivor I inherited neuropathy in the feet. HORRIBLE I will certainly try these exercises.

    THANK YOU THANK YOU

  16. Megan AlgaeCal

    August 4, 2020 , 1:50 pm

    Happy to be of help, Eleanor!!

    Hoping these exercises provide you some relief. Feel free to check out more of our exercises here. 😀

    -Megan @ AlgaeCal

  17. JoAnn Halverson

    August 2, 2020 , 11:38 am

    I am not able to put my knee up on the opposite leg. Is there another way to do the toe extension and the big toe stretch

  18. Megan AlgaeCal

    August 5, 2020 , 9:11 am

    Hi JoAnn!

    If you have a belt or some sort of strap available, you can try using this to perform the toe extension and big toe stretch. Simply loop it around the toes while sitting in a chair and pull back gently. Hope this helps! 🙂

    -Megan @ AlgaeCal

  19. Laura Baker

    August 4, 2020 , 9:50 am

    Avril Garside: I have found relief from foot cramps by using magnesium skin spray every night before bedtime. There is also a product called TheraWorks that you massage in, at time of cramp; that is also magnesium at work.

  20. Marie

    August 6, 2020 , 1:57 am

    Thank you so much i have bad cramps special when I’m driving the exercises help lots

  21. Blaire AlgaeCal

    August 6, 2020 , 11:18 am

    We’re so glad you found this helpful, Marie! ❤️

    – Blaire @ AlgaeCal

  22. Sue Casner

    August 29, 2020 , 9:24 pm

    Hi Marie. I know what “bad cramps” are when driving. One helpful change i found was to pull my seat up a little more than it had been while driving. And of course you can never orchestrate how often in a row you have to step on the brake in traffic, but too much of that brings on cramps too. I think the exercises will
    be a help. I also carry BORON Cuprum metallicum 6c, a natural product; tiny pellets dissolved under tongue to ease cramps quickly. HYLAND’S Leg Cramps, pills taken with water is also helpful. And again, I believe these exercises will be of great help too.

  23. Mary Valeria Haynes

    August 23, 2020 , 1:37 pm

    I love AlgaeCal and all these videos on exercise! Thank you so very much for the advice and the exercises, it’s extremely generous and thoughtful.

  24. Megan AlgaeCal

    August 25, 2020 , 9:11 am

    So happy to hear this, Mary!!

    Thank you for your feedback and very kind words ❤️

    -Megan @ AlgaeCal

  25. Sheryl Simon

    August 31, 2020 , 10:14 am

    So thankful for ALL of this pertinent valuable information!$

  26. Blaire AlgaeCal

    September 1, 2020 , 11:17 am

    It’s our absolute pleasure, Sheryl! ?

    – Blaire @ AlgaeCal

  27. Claire Zaehringer

    September 6, 2020 , 6:12 pm

    Thank you for sharing the toe and feet exercisces.

  28. Blaire AlgaeCal

    September 8, 2020 , 1:33 pm

    You’re so welcome, Claire! ?

    – Blaire @ AlgaeCal

  29. Sid

    September 12, 2020 , 3:20 am

    Hello, do you have any recommendations for leg cramps that lasts for a couple of days prior to and during menstrual time?

  30. Blaire AlgaeCal

    September 15, 2020 , 1:41 pm

    Hi Sid,

    Thanks for reaching out, and we’re sorry to hear about the leg cramps you’ve been experiencing. We’ve had a similar question asked previously, and this is what we recommended:

    “There are a number of reasons you could be experiencing these cramps, such as a potential mineral deficiency. For example, magnesium and potassium deficiencies have both been linked to cramping. It may take a little bit of experimenting to determine what the right solution is for you and it may be best to speak with your physician or functional medicine practitioner about other possible causes!”

    Hope that helps! Let us know if you have further questions 🙂

    – Blaire @ AlgaeCal

  31. Hilary

    August 22, 2021 , 5:48 pm

    Take magnesium as it helps with leg cramps

  32. Nancy

    November 17, 2020 , 2:13 pm

    Great ideas and exercises. Any suggestions for exercises to do if the 4 toes DON’T splay? they don’t move! thank you!

  33. Megan AlgaeCal

    November 20, 2020 , 8:43 am

    Hi Nancy, good question!

    We checked in with Dr. Emma Gasinski, Physical Therapist. She shared that you can start by using the “toe spreaders” to help spread the toes apart and get the flexibility in this area of the foot. You can also place your fingers between each toe and start with one at a time. Once this is accomplished, you can then start using your hands to manually splay the toes while you actively try to do this with your foot. This will begin to activate the neuromuscular connection to the muscles in this area – do this every day and you should see some improvements.

    Hope this helps! ❤️

    -Megan @ AlgaeCal

  34. Dorothy Eppinga

    May 13, 2021 , 5:38 am

    Thanks for the articles and exercises. Just what I need. Had ankle surgery 3 months ago and these exercises are exactly what I need to build strength and flexibility. Have already down loaded your exercise program. Love the detail on how to do each exercise. Thanks

  35. Shirley Paul

    July 3, 2021 , 2:46 pm

    Thank you for posting these exercises!! I have bunions on both feet…one VERY large one on my right foot. Although the bunions are still there, they don’t throb and cause the pain they once did. I’m pleased with the results!!!

    Shirley

  36. Megan AlgaeCal

    July 6, 2021 , 8:21 am

    Happy to hear this, Shirley! 😀

    -Megan @ AlgaeCal

  37. Brooks Anderson

    August 19, 2021 , 11:44 am

    Recent visit w podiatrist recommended calf stretching. Rolled towel balls of feet on towel heels on floor. Hold 60 sec. great stretch. Says calf muscles are key to feet . Nerves in feet respond to alpha tropic acid, vit B1.
    No muscles in metatarsals & toes just ligaments & tendons. What do u think?

  38. Dr. Emma Gasinski

    September 6, 2021 , 6:49 pm

    Hi There Brooks!

    Thank you for the great question. Stretching the calf muscles is a wonderful thing to do for your feet because these muscles are some of the bigger muscles that play a role in your ankle mobility and power and can take a lot of stress off the bones in the foot if they are strong and flexible at the same time. There are many ligaments and tendons in the foot and some of the tendons come from muscles that are in the lower leg and we call these extrinsic foot muscles. These muscles are important for many functions of the feet including stability of the foot when walking on different surfaces as well as giving the ankle and foot power to take large steps. Also, there are small muscles that originate in the foot and we call these intrinsic foot muscles. These muscles are deep in the foot and are covered by the plantar fascia. It is also important to work these muscles to avoid placing too much stress on the plantar fascia or the ligaments in the feet. You can do this by completing some of the exercises provided in the blog post! Hope that was helpful!

    – Dr. Emma Gasinski @ AlgaeCal

  39. Brenda Marmont

    August 19, 2021 , 7:02 pm

    Hi. My archilles has been pulling for about 8 months, i stretch it and tape it but it stiffens after sitting. why? its driving me nuts, i get up like an old person, and i am only 66, its limiting my exercise.
    I have been taking Algeacal for over 20 yrs i have actually gained bone mass!, osteopenia in lumber but that’s all, hips are normal.

  40. Dr. Emma Gasinski

    September 6, 2021 , 6:52 pm

    Hello Brenda,

    Sorry to hear that you have been having issues with your Achilles tendon. It sounds like a case of Achilles Tendinopathy due to its long lasting nature. One of the best things you can do for tendinopathy is to make it stronger by performing progressive load to this area. This is something a physical therapist in your area can help with. It also wouldn’t hurt to perform these exercises on this post as well! Best of luck to you!

    – Dr. Emma Gasinski @ AlgaeCal

  41. Polly

    August 20, 2021 , 4:13 am

    I have burning in both feet, at times very intense, possibly it is neuropathy. Would these exercises relieve this terrible feeling? Or do you have any suggestions to help it to go away? Very difficult to tolerate.

  42. Megan AlgaeCal

    September 1, 2021 , 9:40 am

    Hi Polly, sorry to hear about the discomfort you’re in.

    While exercises that help with flexibility and strength will help, we would highly encourage you to consult your doctor about identifying and addressing the cause of the burning sensation in your feet. Hope you’ll be feeling better soon! ❤️

    – Megan @ AlgaeCal

  43. Wanda Kramer

    August 20, 2021 , 9:35 am

    Thank you for these, helpful. After spending 4+ months at my son’s house during covid, he mentioned after our numerous walks that I don’t bend my ankles. I of course believe that I do and don’t understand what is is getting at. Are there any specific things I can do to solve the problem I don’t see but might have. Thank you for any help.

    Wanda

  44. Dr. Emma Gasinski

    September 6, 2021 , 6:57 pm

    Hi Wanda,

    Thank you for your question. It is hard to say what your son means when he says you don’t bend at your ankles but it is true that other people can see some of our deficits before we do so it is good that you are looking to address this problem. It would be advisable to go to a professional near you to get an individualized opinion on what would be best for you do to. The exercises in this blog post are very helpful. You may also try single leg balance activities such as a tree pose in yoga to help with activating some ankle muscles. Every morning and evening, you can also perform clockwise and counter clockwise ankle rolls for the same purpose.

    Thanks for your question and hope that was helpful!

    – Dr. Emma Gasinski @ AlgaeCal

  45. Marti Kersh

    August 20, 2021 , 11:04 am

    I have been doing some of these exercises for the past year and a half after having surgery on both my bunions. My right foot was more severe. I am happy to share that these have helped me to get back to my regular walking and running. I occasionally have foot pain after gardening long hours and stressing weight on my feet, but after a soak in epsom salt with lavender they are much happier.

  46. Blaire AlgaeCal

    August 26, 2021 , 1:52 pm

    It’s amazing to hear these exercises have helped you, Marti!

    Thank you for sharing and keep up the great work ?

    – Blaire @ AlgaeCal

  47. Barbara. Arbuckle

    August 21, 2021 , 5:52 am

    Thank you for the foot exercises.

  48. Blaire AlgaeCal

    August 26, 2021 , 1:51 pm

    Our pleasure, Barbara! ?

    – Blaire @ AlgaeCal

  49. Elisabeth Klassen

    August 29, 2021 , 7:09 am

    Thank you for the foot exercises. I wish I had known all this before I had foot surgery. Now I have a stiff big toe.

  50. Ishneet AlgaeCal

    September 1, 2021 , 3:24 pm

    We are so sorry to know that, Elisabeth! We hope you are recovering well!

    If you’re interested, feel free to check out more articles on our Bone Health Blog here. You’ll also find delicious recipes and bone-strengthening exercises.

    Let us know if you have any questions! ❤️

    -Ishneet @ AlgaeCal

  51. Lesley Randal

    September 1, 2021 , 4:20 pm

    Thanks for these exercises – if anyone needs these, I do. I’m a year-round hiker, have had bunion surgery and wear custom orthotics. Any advice that allows me to continue my outdoor pursuits, and have happy feet is always welcome.

  52. Joan

    September 25, 2021 , 10:37 am

    Your stretch are very good.

  53. Kirby Johnson

    September 27, 2021 , 3:23 pm

    Joan,

    So glad you found them useful! You can explore all the resources on our blog to further support your bone health!

    – Kirby @ AlgaeCal

  54. Carolyn

    February 22, 2022 , 8:05 am

    I have a question. will these excise’s help a person ‘that is in their late 70″s ?

  55. Kirby Johnson

    February 22, 2022 , 3:09 pm

    Carolyn,

    Absolutely – it’s never too late to take control of your health! We always recommend discussing these exercises with your doctor or physical therapist before implementing them in your daily regimen to avoid injury and ensure proper execution. We hope you’ll find them useful!

    – Kirby @ AlgaeCal

  56. Mahin Amini

    June 3, 2022 , 6:41 pm

    The foot exercises are very useful, I learned a lot.
    I myself do one foot exercises which is good too.
    Seat In pigeon pose on a chair and put your fingers between the toes and push them back ward for 2-3 second and bring them back to started position, do it 10 times, then while your fingers are between the toes move them in clockwise for 10 times, then move them counter clockwise for 10 times ,
    Hope enjoy this foot exercise.
    Very much thanks to the team for sending us such a useful exercises.

This article features advice from our industry experts to give you the best possible info through cutting-edge research.

Prof. Didier Hans
PHD, MBA - Head of Research & Development Center of Bone Diseases, Lausanne University Hospital CHUV, Switzerland,
Lara Pizzorno
MDiv, MA, LMT - Best-selling author of Healthy Bones Healthy You! and Your Bones; Editor of Longevity Medicine Review, and Senior Medical Editor for Integrative Medicine Advisors.,
Dr. Liz Lipski
PhD, CNS, FACN, IFMP, BCHN, LDN - Professor and Director of Academic Development, Nutrition programs in Clinical Nutrition at Maryland University of Integrative Health.,
Dr. Loren Fishman
MD, PhD - Medical Director of Manhattan Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation and Founder of the Yoga Injury Prevention Website.,
Dr. Carole McArthur
MD, PhD - Professor of Immunology, Univ. of Missouri-Kansas City; Director of Residency Research in Pathology, Truman Medical Center.,